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中国古董地毯的特点

哪些品种的中国古董地毯最具收藏价值?

旧地毯与古董地毯的价值区别?

当今的顶级羊毛与古董地毯用羊的比较.

传统染色≠天然染色

中国古董地毯的价格

 

 

中国古董地毯的特点:

中国古董地毯作为传统的文化艺术瑰宝,具有毛质高贵,天然染色,图案优美,色彩绚丽,工艺精湛的特点,包含了丰富的艺术,学术,收藏价值。在世界上享有很高的声誉

1.历史悠久。
中国古董地毯产生于距离今天2200年前,到了明末清初(十七、十八世纪) 中国的地毯得到了巨大的发展,制作工艺达到了前所未有的水平,到了19世纪末期,中国的手工栽绒地毯达到了全盛时期。在19世纪末以后,随着工业化机器和原料进入中国,中国地毯的制作发生了很大的变化,逐渐失去了原有的风格,所以只有在100年以前生产的地毯才可以被称为中国古董地毯,以后的产品被称为旧地毯。

2. 制作精湛
羊毛:中国古董地毯制作最重要的原料,决定着地毯的质地,手感,寿命。
中国古董地毯采用的都是当地的土种羊毛,具备纤维长,绒度高,弹性强,光泽性好的特点,是制作地毯最好的原料,即使是现在最顶级的羊毛也不能与之相比,采用这种羊毛的中国古董地毯经过长期的使用,依然牢固,手感舒适。随着工业化进程造成的污染和物种灭绝以及环境的沙漠化,优质羊毛已经很难寻找。
染料:中国古董地毯的魅力所在,经过了上百年的使用,中国古董地毯的颜色依然
鲜艳纯正、熠熠生辉。这就是因为中国古董地毯采用的是天然的植物染料和矿物染料。植物染料是自然的花草和根木,经过煮、榨的方法提取,如黄色采用的是黄栀、大黄,蓝色采用兰草,红色采用藏红花。矿物染料也有多种:朱砂,红土等。到今天这些染料中很多已经成为名贵的中药材和高档绘画染料,比如藏红花,其产量很低每公顷可产8.5公斤干藏红花,藏红花藏红花的价格是以克重来计算的。一级品精包装价格1000-2000美元/公斤。 (摘自中国贸易指南)。如果现在使用藏红花来生产地毯其价格是可想而知的。
纺纱:羊毛分为春毛和秋毛。春毛是中国农历春分时剪,春毛长于秋冬季,纤维细长而卷曲,适宜纺织。秋毛在中国秋分时剪,长于春夏季,纤维粗壮,弹性大,耐拉性好,光泽度强。中国古董地毯采用春秋毛搭配,其中秋毛比例高于60%。剪下的羊毛经过水洗,再经梳、弹加工后才可以进行纺纱。洗毛时水的酸碱要适中,水质要求高,温度要求精确。洗毛时要用木条反复砸、压,并不断冲洗,毛变得洁净而光泽,经过手工的梳理和弹毛,羊毛变得纤维松散、平顺。用这种工艺制作出来的称为手纺纱线,手纺纱线不会损坏羊毛,很好的保持了羊毛的质感,结实耐用,延长了使用寿命。
织毯:中国古董地毯有着独特的织做工艺,主要有代表宁夏、新疆和其他中原地区的织毯工艺和西藏的拉杆结扣工艺。其特点是全部为手工制作,具备很鲜明的民族特色

3.古董价值。除了以上谈到的地毯本身的价值以外,更重要的古董地毯的文化,历史价值。
1959年新疆考古队在新疆民丰县发现的尼雅遗址,发现了汉代的彩色栽绒地毯残片。1980年考古队在罗布泊楼兰古城发现的4色地毯残片都为考证当时的社会文化提供了很大的帮助。随着时间的流逝,现在保留下来的地毯多为19世纪以后制作的。地毯上图案生动的记录了当时社会的人文资料。
中国古董地毯有着使用的严格规定,以宁夏古董地毯为例,明末清初时期宁夏地毯王公贵族争相订购的礼品和生活用品,也是地方政府进贡朝廷的首选贡品,分为寺院用毯和贡品两类。寺院用毯包括:幡毯、挂毯、禅毯等。每种地毯使用都有严格的规定。而作为贡品的宁夏地毯在颜色,图案的使用上等级森严,如龙的图案只适合使用于王族。作为礼品的地毯图案多以祥花瑞草、暗八仙等吉祥纹样为主,表达人们的良好祝福之意。从布局上来讲,在风水、建筑、图案中所使用的“格律体”是中国古董地毯最具代表的风格,他的构图间就环抱、对称和中心的协调布局,主要有“奎、角、边”等部分组成。中国古董地毯的图案极为丰富,有博古纹,八吉祥,杂宝,暗八仙,四君子,鹤鹿同春,福禄寿等吉祥纹样,也有麒麟送子,八仙颂寿,踏雪寻梅等民间传说典故,中国传统文化以图纹方式在地毯上得到了充分的展现。
在世界上很多著名的博物馆,学术机构都收藏了中国古董地毯,并进行了专门研究。在国际著名的拍卖会上,中国古董地毯频频亮相,受到了众多买家的追捧。由于中国古董地毯制作原料和工艺的消亡以及存世数量有限,其价值还在不断上涨之中。<返回>

● 哪些品种的中国古董地毯最具收藏价值:

中国古董地毯按照产地分为宁夏、西藏、内蒙、北京、新疆等。从工艺和风格上各具特色.
从血统上来说作为寺庙用毯和宫廷用毯的宁夏古董地毯是中国最好的古董地毯,其他地区出产的地毯多为民间使用。<返回>

● 旧地毯与古董地毯的价值区别:

100年以前出产的地毯成为古董地毯,其后的被称为旧地毯。19世纪末以后,化学染料和机器的大规模使用,提高了生产销率,降低了成本。古董地毯天然染色,手工纺线的制作方式逐渐失传。使得旧地毯的价值与中国古董地毯有着很大的区别。目前市场上出售的多为旧地毯,古董地毯的数量越来越少。
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● 现在的最好羊毛比古董地毯的羊毛好吗?

不是的,日益严重的环境污染已经遍及包括珠穆朗玛峰和南极的地球任何角落,在这种条件下所出产的羊毛品质已经不能与古董地毯的羊毛相比。<返回>

● 传统染色≠天然染色

现在许多地毯标明为传统染色,准确地说是使用传统的器皿染色,而不是使用传统的天然染色。到今天天然染料中很多已经成为名贵的中药材和高档绘画染料,比如藏红花,其产量很低每公顷可产8.5公斤干藏红花,藏红花藏红花的价格是以克重来计算的。一级品精包装价格1000-2000美元/公斤。 (摘自中国贸易指南)。如果现在使用藏红花来生产地毯其价格是可想而知的。<返回>

● 中国古董地毯的价格

如果能全部挖掘出已经失传的传统技术,用现在最好的羊毛复制出同样的地毯,成本将远远高于售价。与古典家具,瓷器,书画等收藏品不同的是,目前古董地毯主要市场在国外,国内市场还处于起步阶段,正是投资收藏的好时机。
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The arcanums of China antique carpet?

Which kind of antique carpet is the best?

What is the difference in the between the value of a Chinese antique carpet and old carpet ?

It is top grade wool is better than antique wool?

traditional dye ≠ natural dye

“Ningxia” antique carpet

the price of our China antique carpet

the arcanums of China antique carpet:

Even we have the high lever science and technology now, it is impossibility to make better carpet than antique carpet.

China carpet has 2200 years history. In the 17th and 18th centuries during late Ming and early Qing dynasties, China carpet had become ripe absolutely. In late period of 19th century, Chinese carpet reached its full maturity. After this period, the machine and chemical dye enter into China, the China carpet went through huge variance, give up her carpet tradition style. So only carpet with at least 100 years could be named antique carpet. The carpet with less 100 years called old carpet.

Wool: the wool was the main raw materials, the texture, feeling and life of carpet depend on it. China antique carpet use origin wool without reformative, the springy fibre is long with high density and highly lustrous. China antique carpet with this kind of wool can last a lifetime. These carpet be washed and still keep their shape and color, and will still give you pleasure for more tan 100 years to come. Some species of sheep have become extinct because they could not adapt to a environment pollution. It is difficult look for the good quality wool. None of wool of today can equal them.

Hand spun yarn
: The wool was carded and spun by hand, it would not hurt the wool fiber, making a yarn with a characteristic nubby texture, hand spun yarn can increase carpet’s life.

Nature dye: this is the charm of China antique carpet. During 100 years use and after solarization, washing, stepping and grinding, the color is still bright. This is because nature dye of China antique carpet. Nature dyestuff include plant dyestuff and Mineral dyestuff. Plant dyestuff originated from natural flowers grass and roots after boil and squeeze.
Such as: Cape jasmine—containing xanthein; indigo glass—containing blue pigment; Saffron—containing haematochrome. There are many kinds of mineral dyestuffs such as vermilion, red soid

Fine workmanship:it is a different with modern carpet worker, the craftsman of antique carpets could weave the carpet depend on their high level accomplishment and creative power not that help of blueprint.

The culture and history value of antique carpet
At beginning of the 20th century, British Aurel Stein found tufted wool carpet relic with knots made by the Western Han Dynasty in Han Tomb of Lop Nur of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regin. This is the earliest unearthed tufted carpet in the world up the now.[the Western Regions Archeology] It needs means to record and promulgate the civilized results. The most effective tool is book. The other tools include buildings, vessels, artworks and articles for use, etc. Using as ancient household goods and artworks, the pattern and dermatoglyphic pattern of carpet record the history developing clue of technology, culture, religion, local conditions and customs, philosophy, esthetic, and thought of ancestor. Carpet can regard as colorful article for use or elegance and dignity art. So, it is more vivid and direct than books to record history in some aspects.

There are some China antique carpet preserved in permanent collections by some famous museums and science institutes and have been studied in major. In the famous Auction such as the Sotheby’s and Christie's, China antique carpets often appear, more people like them very much. Because the die out of China antique carpet’s materials and technics, the quantity of China antique carpet are rare, their value is increasing now. Back to top

Which kind of antique carpet is the best?

China antique carpet including: Ningxia, Tibet, Beijing, Mongolia and Xinjiang. Ningxia antique carpet has used in temple and royal court. Most of other kind of carpet has been used in civilian. Ningxia antique carpet were used by imperial court and temples,Ninghsia antique carpet is the best antique carpet not only in China, but also in the world.
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What is the difference in the between the value of a Chinese antique carpet and old carpet?

A Chinese carpet of at least a 100 years in age is commonly referred to as an antique carpet. Other carpets with a shorter history are referred to as old carpet.After the late period of the 19th century, machine production and chemical dyestuffs begain to enter into China allowing mass production at low cost As such, the pains-taking and traditional method of weaving antique carpets began to die out. So old carpet s are seen as having a large difference in
value with antique carpets . Now in the antique market, most of carpets are old carpets are reproductions for antique carpets . Antique Chinese carpet s are therefore a rare and unique investment which will appreciate over time. Back to top

It is top grade wool is better than antique carpet wool?

No, it is not. Everywhere of earth including the Everest and South Pole have been polluted. In this entironment, the wool quality is worse than antique wool. Back to top

traditional dye ≠ natural dye

Now some carpet named traditional dye, in fact, it is dyed by hand in a traditional vat process. Today, most of these plants are used as medicinal material; may of the minerals today are used as special painting color. Such as Saffron, its output is very low, 8.5kg/ hectare. The price of saffron is computation according to gram. The price of top grade saffron is usd 1000—2000/kg [CBG]. If we dye wool by saffron, the value of carpet should be a very prodigious price. Back to top

“Ningxia” antique carpet

There are a few ningxia antique carpets in the market, in good condition’s carpet is rare thereinto. Some “Ningxia” antique carpets in Market were made in zuoqi area (Inner mogolia)。The ningxia antique carpet with the good authority of us have been recognized by authority of China. Back to top


the price of our china antique carpet

On the assumption that we could search the technics which have died out, use the top grade wool and copy the same quality with antique carpet, their cost should be very higher than the price of antique carpet.
Because we are the origin of China antique carpet, our price are typically around half or less of the cost of the same carpet in the US. Europe or Japan,every year we sell antique carpets wholesale to overseas.In fact, our price is lower not only than abroad but also than luxury showroom in China.
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China antique carpet / rugs including: Xinjiang antique carpet (Sinkiang Khotan Shamerhan antique rugs), Inner Mongolia antique carpet (Baotou & Suiyuan antique rugs), Tibet antique carpet (Tibetan tsukdruk Wangden antique rugs), Ninghsia antique carpet (Ningxia antique rugs), Beijing antique carpet (Peking antique rugs), Semi-antique carpet and Modern carpet silk carpet.

China Antique Carpet Collection